Updated March 25 at 6:25am
Technology Monthly

‘Amazon tax’ has not generated revenue


Six months after Amazon.com Inc. cut off its local marketing affiliates to protest a new state law aimed at forcing e-retailers to charge sales tax, Rhode Island and North Carolina remain the only two states whose residents are barred from the affiliate program. Nevertheless, a powerful state legislator says the law is here to stay.

Since last year, Amazon has been locked in a legal battle with New York’s government over whether the company must collect sales taxes in states where it has local marketing affiliates. But unlike in New York, where Amazon is collecting taxes as the case moves through the courts, it dropped its affiliates here when Rhode Island passed a similar law.

Though many in the local tech community are frustrated, House Finance Committee Chairman Steven M. Costantino, D-Providence, said there was no effort under way to repeal the “Amazon tax,” which he cast as a matter of fairness.

“It’s a matter of having a level playing field for the small businesses on Main Street which have to collect a 7 percent sales tax for their customers, versus a mail-order business like Amazon that avoids collecting the same tax,” Costantino said. “Furthermore, when companies like Amazon don’t collect taxes, the burden is shifted to other taxpayers.”

Costantino also pointed out that Netflix Inc. and other e-commerce sites already collect Rhode Island sales tax. (In fact, Amazon does, too – but only for other companies such as Macy’s that have brick-and-mortar stores but sell products on Amazon.com.)

Others in state government disagree. General Treasurer Frank T. Caprio, who is running for governor, said: “The affiliate tax has hurt Rhode Island businesses and stifled their growth, as they’ve been shut out of some of the world’s largest marketplaces, and [it] should be repealed immediately.”

The revenue at stake from uncollected online and mail-order purchases is significant, though not game-changing. In April, researchers at the University of Tennessee estimated Rhode Island’s government would forego a total of $132.7 million in sales tax revenue from 2007 through 2012. The average annual loss is equal to 2.5 percent of the state’s total sales tax collections in 2007.

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